An armoured spearhead (US English: armored spearhead) is a formation of armoured fighting vehicles, mostly tanks, that form the front of an offensive thrust during a battle. The idea is to concentrate as much firepower into a small front as possible, so any defenders in front of them will be overwhelmed. As the spearhead moves forward, infantry units following in the gap behind them form up on either side of the line of advance in order to protect the flanks.
The tactic is quite risky. A determined enemy can counterattack against the infantry on the flanks, thereby cutting off the spearhead from resupply and quickly bringing it to a halt. In order to avoid this the spearhead must move as fast as possible in order to keep the defense from re-organizing in this fashion.
The first use of an armoured spearhead was during the 1940 Battle of France, the German invasion of the Low Countries, against the British and French armies. Surprising them out of the Ardennes forest where the Allies believed no armoured force could operate, the German spearhead quickly started running for the coast at Dunkirk. The French and British armies were split on either side of the German forces, and at one point attempted to cut the line with an armoured attack on either side. The resulting Battle of Arras was very close to an Allied success, but a lack of radios or other communications made the attack slow.
Only a few years later new tactics had been developed to effectively counter the armoured spearhead. By attacking with small units just at the "corners" of the spearhead, a defender could maneuver the corner armoured units to avoid combat instead of slowing down to engage. By repeating this maneuver a defender can narrow the front of the spearhead until it no longer commands enough width for the following infantry to effectively move. When the Germans tried the same tactic again in 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge, the US Army was able to very quickly "pick the corners" in this fashion and brought the spearhead to a halt in a few days.
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The Olympic motto is the hendiatris Citius, Altius, Fortius , which is Latin for "Faster, Higher, Stronger". The motto was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin on the creation of the International Olympic Committee in 1894. De Coubertin borrowed it from his friend Henri Didon, a Dominican priest who, amongst other things, was an athletics enthusiast. The motto was introduced in 1924 at the Olympic Games in Paris.
The motto was also the name of an Olympic history journal from 1995 to 1997, when it was renamed the Journal of Olympic History.
A more informal but well known motto, also introduced by De Coubertin, is "The most important thing is not to win but to take part!" De Coubertin got this motto from a sermon by the Bishop of Pennsylvania during the 1908 London Games.